Turkey: Turkey overflows with historic sites and archaeological wonders, all set in a varied and beautiful landscape. The Mediterranean coastline is punctuated with well-preserved Greco-Roman cities like Pergamom and Ephesus, while the otherworldly landscapes of the Cappadocia region harbour cave churches and underground cities. Though capital status eludes it, Istanbul is very much the beating heart of the nation. The city is an archive of cultural influences throughout the centuries, playing host to Roman aqueducts, Byzantine churches and Ottoman mosques and palaces. Cafes, bustling bazaars, hammams (public baths), and nightclubs all buzz with activity. Istanbul is just one piece of the vast Turkish puzzle. Beach-lovers can while away lazy sunny days at the ever-popular Bodrum, Marmaris and Izmir resorts along Turkey’s Aegean and Mediterranean coasts. The unlikely capital city, Ankara, may be less frequented, but its location in central Anatolia makes it worthy of a few days’ visit, if only to witness the contrast between the city’s modernity and the surviving citadel and Turkish Culture. However deep its roots are, Turkey is today a thrusting and dynamic society, navigating cultural, economic and political change while seeking to retain the best of its multicultural heritage and time-honoured traditions. And that’s arguably what makes it so rewarding. 
Time Zone: Turkey is three hours ahead of GMT and Seven hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time.(EST).  

Currency: The local currency in Turkey is the Turkish Lira (Turk Lirasi, TL). Major credit cards are widely accepted.

Weather and Climate :Turkey’s climate is varied Turkey is split into 7 different regions – Marmara, Blacksea Coast, Eastern Anatolian, Southeastern Anatolia, Central Anatolia, Mediterranean and Aegean. Each region has a different climate which is mainly affected by its proximity to mountain ranges and different seas and oceans.
On the whole, Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have typical Mediterranean climates with hot summers and mild, wet winters. The East of the country is mountainous with warm summers and very cold, snowy winters. Central Turkey, located on an interior plateau has low rainfall and cold or very cold.

Traffic and Transport: Travelling in Turkey by plane, bus, car,  ship & ferry. Turkey is fairly easy to travel in, but it’s a big country. Distances and travel times, is in both kms and miles All methods of transport may be crowded on major holidays. Taxis, airport buses, and public transport serve airports, but a private transfer is a more pleasant and still economical way to go for many travellers, especially families. Flights: Turkish Airlines and number of other competent aircarriers have flight among cities. Turkish Airlines and a number of other competent air carriers have flights among major cities which are convenient for longer distances, and relatively inexpensive Atlasjet, Pegasus Air and Sun Express. Bus: A daily Bus service operated between Turkish cities and towns daily this how many Turks travels.  Ship & Ferry: Turkey is surrounded by sea, so ships play a significant part in the Turkish transport picture. Here are the major services: Such as Cruise ships for other countries. Ferryboats services run through Istanbul and the North Shore and Yalova and Bandirma on the South coast of Turkey. Dardenelles Ferries which connect Europe and ASIA, Canakalle and Troy. Gallipoli battlesfields.

Passport and Visa: Passport should be valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry into Turkey and have at least 3 months validity from the date you are leaving Turkey.British Citizens can obtain tourist visa either at the port of entry in Turkey or by visiting www.evisa.gov.tr. The sticker visa obtained at the port of entry in Turkey or e-visa will grant you 90 days stay with multiple entry to Turkey starting from the date of issue. An e-visa costs $20 and you can pay using a credit or debit card. You can apply up to 3 months in advance of your travel date. Turkish visit visas issued on arrival are valid for multiple stays up to a maximum of 90 days in a 180 day period.
Language: Turkish is the official language. Kurdish is also spoken by a minority in the Southeast. French, German and English are widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas.